ĐỀ THI THỬ: Môn Tiếng Anh kỳ thi THPTQG năm 2020 sở Giáo dục và Đào tạo Hà Nội

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ĐỀ THI THỬ: Môn Tiếng Anh kỳ thi THPTQG năm 2020 sở Giáo dục và Đào tạo Hà Nội

Cô Đỗ Vân Anh

KÌ THI TỐT NGHIỆP TRUNG HỌC PHỔ THÔNG QUỐC GIA NĂM 2020

Bài thi: NGOẠI NGỮ; Môn thi: TIẾNG ANH

SỞ GIÁO DỤC VÀ ĐÀO TẠO HÀ NỘI

Ngày thi: 30.5.2020

 

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.

Question 1: Five miles beyond the hills were a fire with its flame reaching up to the sky.

A. were                 B. Five miles            C. reaching up                       D. its

Question 2: Our council should provide cheap car parks on the outskirts at the town and free bus services to the centre.

A. to                     B. on                       C.at                                      D. bus services

Question 3: It is essential that cancer is diagnosed and treated as early as possible in order to assure a successful cure.

A. to assure          B. is diagnosed         C. essential that                      D. as early as possible

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.

Question 4: He went back to work in his country after he ___________ his course on Advanced Engineering in London.

A. had finished      B. would finish         C. finished                               D. has finished

Question 5: There were a lot of people at my friend's wedding party, only a few of ___________ I had met before.

A. whom               B. who                    C. whose                                  D. which

Question 6: There will be ___________ jobs for people because some robots will do the same jobs as people.

A. less                  B. fewer                  C. many                                   D. much

Question 7: Social distancing, also called "physical distancing" means ___________ space between yourself and other people outside of your home.

A. keeping            B. keep                   C. kept                                      D. to keep

Question 8: Thanks to the AI applications, Internet users ___________ into a new language in real time.

A. can have webpages translated

B. can have webpages translate

C. can have translated

D. can get webpages to translate

Question 9: The Formula 1 Vietnam Grand Prix in Hanoi ___________ for April 5 was postponed due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

A. to schedule        B. schedule            C. scheduled                             D. scheduling

Question 10: The moment the teacher ___________ the exam papers, I was filled with anxiety.

A. handed over      B. handed down       C. gave out                              D. gave away

Question 11: When COVID-19 is spreading in your area, everyone ___________ stay home and avoid close contact.

A. should              B. might                   C. can                                      D. would

Question 12: Students who need ___________ extra money can find ___________ part-time job.

A. a/the                B. an/ the                 C. Ø / a                                    D. the / Ø

Question 13: He graduated with doctorates of ___________ and surgery from University of Florence, gaining the highest honors that year.

A. medicate          B. medical                 C. medication                            D. medicine

Question 14: Bamboo Airlines offers excellent ___________ entertainment, with the latest movies and music.

A. on-flight           B. during-flight          C. in-flight                                 D. over-flight 

Question 15: He has received several scholarships ___________

A. not only because of his artistic but his academic ability.

B. for both his academic ability as well as his artistic.

C. because of his academic and artistic ability.

D. as resulting of his ability in the art and in the academy.

Question 16: All books on the same subject are supposed to have the same classification number on their ___________.

A. spines               B. indexes                C. titles                                   D. covers

Question 17: Although she had never used a word-processor before, she soon got the ___________ of it after a while.

A. move                B. touch                   C. hang                                   D. feel

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions.

Question 18: A. government                     B. institute                 C. politician              D. secondary

Question 19: A. memory                            B. official                  C. diversity               D. endanger

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the option that best completes each of the following exchanges.

Question 20: Maria is talking to Ann after work.

Maria: “___________”

Ann: “With pleasure.”

A. What do you plan to do?                            B. Could you give me a lift?

C. Would you mind if I smoked?                     D. Would you like a cup of tea?

Question 21: After a party at Mary's house.

Bill: ___________.

Mary: Thanks for your compliment. Good night!

A. Many happy returns. Good night!            B. You are a good cooker. Good night!

C. You are a good cook. Good night!           D. Long time no see. Good night!

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.

Question 22: Environmentalists dedicate a lot of their time to running campaigns to raise people's awareness about protecting endangered species.

A. eliminate           B. waste                 C. devote                               D. save

Question 23: No matter what I said to him, he still did not believe me. He is certainly a hard nut to crack.

A. controversial      B. obstinate            C. insatiable                          D. obsolete

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks.

DISAPPROVAL FROM PARENTS

Parental disapproval of ___________ (24) relationships is very common, for a variety of reasons. Your parents may have concerns regarding whether or not you are truly ready to date or if the person you are interested in might not be a good influence. They may also not be ready to admit that their child is nearing adulthood. If you're dealing with this, try to discuss your feelings ___________ (25) with your parents. Listen to them and be ready to follow some rules about your relationship. If your parents forbid you from seeing the person, you should abide ___________ (26) their wishes. You can still see your boyfriend or girlfriend at school and ___________ (27) friends. If you stay friends ___________ (28) after you graduate, you can start dating again since you'll be old enough to make your own decisions. While this may hard to accept at first, what is meant to be will be.

Question 24:             A. teens                     B. teen                        C. teenage                  D. teenagers

Question 25:             A. carmly                   B. usually                     C. frankly                    D. indirectly

Question 26:             A. by                          B. with                        C. on                           D. of

Question 27:             A. make                     B. remain                     C. appear                     D. have

Question 28:             A. early                      B. right                         C. soon                       D. until

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.

Question 29:             A. passed                   B. searched               C. removed               D. talked

Question 30:             A. thorough                B. although                C. together                D. feather

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.

Question 31: The man wanted to get some fresh air in the room. He opened the window.

A. The man opened the window in order to get some fresh air in the room.

B. Having opened the window, the room could get some fresh air.

C. The man wanted to get some fresh air in the room because he opened the window.

D. The man got some fresh air in the room, even though he opened the window.

Question 32: Disabled people can contribute to our community. Non-disabled people can also contribute to our community.

A. Both disabled people and non-disabled ones can contribute to our community.

B. Either disabled people or non-disabled ones can contribute to our community.

C. Only disabled people not non-disabled ones can contribute to our community

D. Neither disabled people nor non-disabled ones can contribute to our community.

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.

Question 33: "Don't forget to tidy up the final draft before submission." the team leader told us.

A. The team leader ordered us to tidy up the final draft before submission.

B. The team leader reminded us to tidy up the final draft before submission.

C. The team leader simply wanted us to tidy up the final draft before submission.

D. The team leader required us to tidy up the final draft before submission.

Question 34: Without her teacher's advice, she wouldn't have written such a good essay.

A. She wrote a good essay because her teacher gave her some advice.

B. Her teacher didn't advise her and she didn't write a good essay.

C. If her teacher didn't advise her, she wouldn't write such a good essay.

D. Her teacher advised her so she didn't write a good essay.

Question 35: When I picked up my book, I found that the cover had been torn.

A. On picking up the book, I saw that the cover had been torn.

B. Picking up my book, the cover had been torn.

C. Picked up, the book was torn.

D. The cover had been torn when my book picked up.

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.

Question 36: Names of people in the book were changed to preserve anonymity.

A. protect             B. reveal                       C. cover                                D. conserve

Question 37: All of the students are obliged to pass the entrance examination in order to attend the university.

A. optional           B. required                    C. forced                                D. impelled

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.

      The Montessori method of educating children is named after its founder, Maria Montessori, an Italian scientist, medical doctor, and educator. This method is guided by perhaps a half-dozen major principles of education.

       The first affirms the biological programming of child development, the child's capacity for self – realization, for "auto-education". The second calls for "scientific pedagogy". A science of childhood based on observation. The third demands a natural environment in which self-development can be expressed and observed.

       Montessori believed that the school could be made into such an environment, thus becoming a laboratory for scientific pedagogy. This environment should be determined scientifically. In order to expand, children, left at liberty to exercise their activities, ought to find in their surroundings something organized in direct relation to the children's internal organization. All of these principles imply the next, which Montessori calls the ‘biological concept of liberty in pedagogy”: the child must be free to act spontaneously and to interact with the prepared environment. The entire program is concerned with the individual child; the spontaneity, the needs, the observation, the freedom are always those of the individual. Finally, the modus operandi of the method is sensory training.

Question 38: Which of the following is the best title for the passage?

A. Results of the Montessori Method

B. Stages of Child Development

C. Principles of the Montessori Method

D. Modern Principles of education

Question 39: The phrase “such an environment” refers to which of the following kinds of environment?

A. Scientific, accompanied by experiments

B. Biological, accompanied by specimens

C. Pedagogical, in which ideology prevails

D. Natural, in which self-expression prevails

Question 40: According to the passage, the Montessori method focuses on ________.

A. small groups of children

B. large groups of children

C. pairs of children

D. the individual child

Question 41: It can be inferred from the passage that the Montessori method was named after a ________.

A. town                B. person                 C. book                                  D. school

Question 42: Which of the following would NOT be advocated by the Montessori method?

A. Tightly controlling children's group activities

B. Allowing children the freedom to exercise their activities

C. Carefully teaching children to listen and observe

D. Permitting children to work at their own pace

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.

       Where humans have planted crops for food, unless they are organic, poisonous chemicals have been sprayed on them; insecticides are used to kill insect pests and herbicides are used to kill weeds. Fungicides fight off fungal diseases. Artificial fertilizers are added to the soil to increase the yield of the crops. If these chemicals are used in excess, some of them dissolve in rainwater and drain into rivers, streams and ponds, polluting the water and killing the wildlife.

T     he "weeds" competing with the farmers' crops include wild flowers and many of these have become endangered through the use of herbicides. Insects rely on plants for food and breeding sites so the number of these are affected by a reduction in the number of plants. Many birds depend on insects for food so the be affected by the use of both insecticides and herbicides. One of the reasons why the Barn Owl is endangered is due to a shortage of insects and it may also be poisoned by eating insects affected by chemical sprays.

        The case of DDT as well as other chemicals known as organochlorine is well known. These were first used extensively in the 1950s, sprayed onto crops to kill insect pests. Unfortunately, after a few years it was noticed that birds of prey were rapidly declining in numbers and thousands of seed-eating birds were dying. By the 1960s the once common sparrow hawk was a rare bird in Britain. The sparrow hawk's prey were the seed-eating birds which were carrying the poisonous insecticides in their bodies. Consequently, many sparrow hawks and other birds of prey were being indirectly poisoned by the chemical sprays. The organochlorine also caused many birds to lay thin shelled eggs, which cracked easily.

        Research showed that the chemicals were entering the food chains and being stored in the fat of the animals' bodies. For example, a thrush may eat snails which have eaten a sprayed cabbage plant. The thrush may not have eaten enough poison to be actually killed but a sparrow hawk eating several thrushes accumulates so much of the poison that it is killed. The chemicals become more concentrated as they travel up the food chain. Even most humans still have small amounts of organochlorine in their fatty tissues although these chemicals had been withdrawn from use by 1976. They are still used, however, in some Third World countries. By the 1980s the sparrow hawk population had recovered dramatically and it is once again a common bird. This example shows just how dangerous the use of chemicals in the environment can be.

        As mentioned earlier, some plants are endangered through collectors such as the Venus fly-trap and some tropical orchids, but most threatened plants have become so through the destruction of their habitat. Once very common plants have almost disappeared because of the way humans have changed the land. For example, the Egyptian Papyrus, a type of reed, had been used for thousands of years for all sorts of things such as paper, medicine, boats, baskets, food etc. Then, when changes in the irrigation methods on the river Nile were introduced, this valuable plant almost completely disappeared. It was thought to be extinct until 1968 when a few plants were found in an undisturbed waterway. Orchids have been also collected from rainforests to become household favourites, causing many species to become endangered.

Question 43: Which of the following could best reflect the purpose of the author in the passage?

A. The author wants to indicate how chemicals and pollution contribute to animal extinction.

B. The author tries to provide evidence of species that have already been eliminated.

C. The author wishes to raise people's awareness of how species are disappeared.

D. The author wants to imply that human activities are responsible for species extinction.

Question 44: The word “yield” in the first paragraph is closest in meaning to

A. quality              B. fertility              C. nutrition                               D. production

Question 45: What will happen to the insect-eating birds if the weeds are in danger?

A. They will experience a downward trend in the number on account of food shortage.

B. They will not have materials to make nets in breeding seasons.

C. They must find rely on other kinds of insects when the vegetation is limited.

D. They may compete with many species to have crops for food.

Question 46: According to the passage, sparrow hawks are described as a species that

A. was killed by the toxics of insecticides used for crops containing inside the insect's body.

B. was poisoned by eating the chemical sprays on the weeds.

C. laid broken egg due to the consequences of lack of nutrient insect pests.

D. depended on their enemy to survive when the number of seeds declined.

Question 47: The word "their" in paragraph 3 refers to_______.

A. seed-eating birds                                           B. sparrow hawks                

C. sparrow hawks                                              D. insect-eating birds

Question 48: What does the word “accumulates” in paragraph 4 mean?

A. happens or makes something happen faster or earlier than expected.

B. gradually gets more and more of something over a period of time.

C. removes or gets rid of something

D. makes something seem larger, better, worse or more important than it really is.

Question 49: According to the last paragraph, which of the following is NOT true?

A .Flora biodiversity remains unchanged when humans interfere with supply of water for cultivation.

B. Keeping some kinds of plants for recreation at home is a good way to save endangered species.

C. Deforestation is the primary reason of flora disappearance

D. Many valuable plants have provided people with invaluable products.

Question 50: It can be inferred from the passage that _______.

A. There are many alternative ways for humans to save species from extinction.

B. The chemicals used for agriculture have a direct influence on both the species and their enemy.

C. Many endangered species are only preserved by human's effort in changing the environment.

D. Whenever chemicals are used, humans should think of their impact on biodiversity.

 

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